7th Plenary Meeting of General Assembly: 19th Special Session; Earth Summit - Part 1

Preview Language:   English
26-Jun-1997 02:05:06
The general debate of the nineteenth session of the General Assembly resumed this morning, as the session moved into its fourth day. Delegates are reviewing implementation of the programme of action adopted by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and known as Agenda 21.

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On Fourth Day of Debate, Special Session Hears of Respective Roles of Foreign Direct Investment and Overseas Development Assistance

All social sectors -- from private to public to civil society -- must cooperate to implement Agenda 21, speakers told the General Assembly this morning as it continued its debate on implementation of the recommendations of the 1992 Rio Conference on environment and development. Protection of the planet needed action on the global level, not just local and national initiatives, it was said. National selfishness must not supplant international partnership.

Several speakers noted that, worldwide, foreign investment had replaced overseas development assistance in amount and frequency. Yet, foreign investment was not an appropriate replacement for overseas development assistance. Based on economic, rather than developmental, objectives, such investment necessarily yielded selective benefits. For example, though several least developed countries were following liberal policies and had open economic systems, business capital flow had not been forthcoming.

Innovative ideas were needed to raise funds for environmental protection and sustainable development. One speaker suggested that the international community could impose a $1 per ticket levy on tickets for international air flights, raising a billion dollars a year.

The Vice-President of the Dominican Republic and the chairmen of the delegations of Nepal, Ecuador and Samoa spoke in the debate this morning, as did the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Environmental and Regional Development of Latvia.

In addition, the Assembly heard statements from the Minister of the Environment of Liechtenstein; the Minister of the Environment and Forest Resources of Togo; Minister of Land Management and the Environment of Burundi; Minister of State for Works and Housing of Nigeria; Minister of the Environment and Forest of Bangladesh; Minister of the Environment and Nature Conservation of Senegal; Minister of Agriculture, Food and the Environment of Cape Verde; and the Minister of Public Enterprise Sector, Administrative Development and Environmental Affairs of Egypt.

Statements were also made by the Minister of Health and the Environment of Barbados; the Minister for Environment of Pakistan; Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment of Malaysia; and Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Uganda. The Vice-Minister of the Environment of Angola and the Vice-Minister of National Resources and the Environment of Honduras also made statements.

The Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), and the President of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature/The World Conservation Union also addressed the Assembly this morning.

The Assembly will meet again this afternoon at 3 p.m. to resume its general debate.

For further details please see official record:
A/S-19/PV.7

For further details please see source below:
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