GENEVA / WORLD POPULATION REPORT

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17-Oct-2018 00:02:01
The world’s population is set to grow by 2.2 billion between now and 2050, the UN said today, and 1.3 billion are likely to come from sub-Saharan Africa, where women’s rights are hampered by limited access to healthcare and education, along with “entrenched gender discrimination.” UNTV CH

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STORY: GENEVA / WORLD POPULATION REPORT
TRT: 2:01
SOURCE: UNTV CH
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH

DATELINE: 17 OCTOBER 2018, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND

SHOTLIST:

1. Exterior shot, Palais des Nations
2. Wide shot, podium, speakers
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Monica Ferro, UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Director, Geneva office:
“Until 2050, we are going to have an increase in population up to 2.2 billion and what the, our analysis shows is, that 1.3 (billion) is going to come from Sub-Saharan Africa.”
4. Wide shot, podium, photographer
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Monica Ferro, UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Director, Geneva office:
“In developing countries, 671 million women have chosen to use modern contraception; but at the same time, we know that 250 million in the developing world want to control their fertility and lack access to modern contraceptive methods.”
6. Close-up, report cover from above.
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Monica Ferro, UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Director, Geneva office:
“Every year, 300,000 women die during pregnancy or childbirth because they have no choices in maternal healthcare; every day, thousands of girls are forced in child and early marriage and are victims of female genital mutilation. They have no choices.”
8. Med shot, journalists
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Monica Ferro, UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Director, Geneva office:
“Countries are struggling hard to meet the demand for education, the demand for jobs, the demand for even having healthcare services that are accessible to everyone, and what the report tries to show is that in these countries the unmet need for family planning is typically very high.”
10. Med shot, journalists typing, podium in background.
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Monica Ferro, UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Director, Geneva office:
“No matter if it is a high fertility-rate country or low fertility-rate country, in both of them you will find individuals and couples who say they don’t have the number of children they want; they either have too many or too few.”
12: Med shot, journalists.
13. Close up, report cover from below
14. Close up, hands typing on laptops
15. Med shot, profile of journalists
16. Med shot, journalists

STORYLINE:

The world’s population is set to grow by 2.2 billion between now and 2050, the UN said today, and 1.3 billion are likely to come from sub-Saharan Africa, where women’s rights are hampered by limited access to healthcare and education, along with “entrenched gender discrimination”.

Globally, the trend is towards smaller families, Monica Ferro, Director of UN Population Fund (UNFPA) Office in Geneva Ferro told journalists, which reflects that more people are making choices about how few – or how many – children they want.

Despite this gradual transition to lower fertility rates, which began in Europe in the late 19th century, no country can claim that all of their citizens enjoy reproductive rights at all times, Ferro said.

She added “no matter if it is a high fertility-rate country or low fertility-rate country, in both of them, you will find individuals and couples who say they don’t have the number of children they want. They either have too many or too few.”

According to UNFPA’s State of World Population 2018, there are 43 countries where women have more than four or more children, and 38 of these are in Africa.

In all but five East African countries, fewer than half of women who took part in the report said they would prefer not to have any more children.

If UNFPA’s predictions are correct, Africa’s share of the world population will grow from 17 per cent in 2017 to 26 per cent in 2050.

Staying with the African continent, fertility rates are “significantly lower” in cities than in rural areas, the report indicates. In Ethiopia, for example, women have around 2.1 children in cities, whereas they have around five in the rest of the country.

Underlining the link between conflict and insecurity with bigger families, the UNFPA data also shows that Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine, Timor-Leste and Yemen have higher fertility rates than the overall average of 2.5 children per woman.

The UNFPA official urged all countries to implement a range of policies and programmes that would increase the “reproductive choices” of their populations.

Ferro said “in developing countries, 671 million women have chosen to use modern contraception,” adding that “but at the same time, we know that 250 million in the developing world want to control their fertility and lack access to modern contraceptive methods.”

Prioritizing quality maternal healthcare for all is key, according to the UN report, which highlights the need for access to modern contraceptives, better sexual education and an emphasis on changing men’s stereotyping of women.

Couples who want to have more children should also be helped to do so, Ferro said, explaining that economic barriers which preventing this from happening could be lifted, through measures such as affordable child care.

France and Norway had seen their birth rates pick up after taking such steps in recent decades, the UNFPA official said.

Nonetheless, many developing countries lack the resources or political security they require to improve reproductive health and rights for all.

Ferro said that they “are struggling hard to meet the demand for education, the demand for jobs, the demand for even having healthcare services that are accessible to everyone.”

She added “what the report tries to show is that in these countries the unmet need for family planning is typically very high.”

Ferro also said that in the nearly 25 years since the landmark International Conference on Population and Development was endorsed by 179 Governments, people’s reproductive rights have “substantially improved around the world.”

She noted that States agreed then that it was important for couples and individuals to decide the number, spacing and timing of their children, and that such decisions were made free from discrimination, coercion or violence.

A similar commitment is reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals agenda, agreed by the international community in 2015.

Nonetheless, hundreds of thousands of women continue to suffer from the failure to implement this programme of action, the UNFPA official insisted.

She said “every year, 300,000 women die during pregnancy or childbirth because they have no choices in maternal healthcare; every day, thousands of girls are forced in child and early marriage and are victims of female genital mutilation. They have no choices.”
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