GA / GENERAL DEBATE OPENING

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25-Sep-2018 00:03:40
Addressing the annual gathering of world leaders at the United Nations Headquarters, the UN Secretary-General António Guterres called on the international community to rebuild solidarity, repair broke trust and reinvigorate the spirit of multilateralism. UNIFEED

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STORY: GA / GENERAL DEBATE OPENING
TRT: 3:40
SOURCE: UNIFEED
RESTRICTION: NONE
LANGAUGE: ENGLISH / FRENCH / SPANISH / PORTUGUESE / NATS

DATELINE: 25 SEPTEMERB 2018, NEW YORK CITY

SHOTLIST:

1. Wide shot, exterior, United Nations Headquarters
2. Various shots, General Assembly Hall
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Antonio Guterres, Secretary-general of the United Nations:
“Together, as guardians of the common good, we also have a duty to promote and support a reformed, reinvigorated and strengthened multilateral system. We need renewed commitment to a rules-based order, with the United Nations at its centre and with the different institutions and treaties that bring the Charter to life. And we need to show the added value of international cooperation by delivering peace, defending human rights and driving economic and social progress for women and men everywhere.”
4. Wide shot, Guterres at the podium
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Antonio Guterres, Secretary-general of the United Nations:
In the face of massive, existential threats to people and planet -- but equally at a time of compelling opportunities for shared prosperity -- there is no way forward but collective, common-sense action for the common good. This is how we rebuild trust.”
6. Wide shot, Guterres at the podium
7. SOUNDBITE (French) Antonio Guterres, Secretary-general of the United Nations:
“We need greater ambition and a greater sense of urgency. We must guarantee the implementation of the Paris Agreement. It has immense potential to set us on the right course, but its targets -- which represent the bare minimum to avoid the worst impacts of climate change -- are far from being met.”
8. Wide shot, Guterres at the podium
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Antonio Guterres, Secretary-general of the United Nations:
“The impacts of new technologies on warfare are a direct threat to our common responsibility to guarantee peace and security. The weaponization of artificial intelligence is a growing concern. The prospect of weapons that can select and attack a target on their own raises multiple alarms — and could trigger new arms races.”
10. Wide shot, Guterres at the podium
11. Various shots, General Assembly Hall
12. Various shots, President of the General Assembly walking to the podium
13. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés, 73rd President, United Nations General Assembly:
“We live in an interconnected world that compels us to sustain global dialogue and the multilateral response. For that reason, I have proposed that we take up the multilateral agenda with a renewed commitment based on three principles: global leadership, shared responsibility and collective action.”
14. Various shots, General Assembly
15. Various shots, Brazilian President walking to podium
16. SOUNDBITE (Portuguese) Michel Temer, President of Brazil:
“Brazil has welcomed all migrants who have arrived in our territory. We are talking about tens of thousands of Venezuelans nationals to whom we have sought to provide all assistance, in collaboration with the United Nations High Commissioner Office for Refugees. We have built shelters to accommodate at the best possible. We have also, ladies and gentlemen, arranged for them to be taken to other regions of Brazil. We have also issued formal document that enables them to work in Brazil and we have offered schooling opportunity plus vaccinations.”
17. Various shots, General Assembly Hall

STORYLINE:

Addressing the annual gathering of world leaders at the United Nations Headquarters, the UN Secretary-General António Guterres called on the international community to rebuild solidarity, repair broke trust and reinvigorate the spirit of multilateralism.

Noting that the world is suffering from a bad case of “Trust Deficit Disorder,” and people are feeling troubled and insecure, the UN chief today (25 Sep) reiterated that as guardians of the common good, we also have a duty to promote and support a reformed, reinvigorated and strengthened multilateral system.”

Guterres stated, “We need renewed commitment to a rules-based order, with the United Nations at its centre and with the different institutions and treaties that bring the Charter to life.”

The UN chief also called for the need to “show the added value of international cooperation by delivering peace, defending human rights and driving economic and social progress for women and men everywhere.”

Guterres stated his commitment to reform, and to making the United Nations more effective in responding to the needs and aspirations of “we the peoples”.

He said “in the face of massive, existential threats to people and planet -- but equally at a time of compelling opportunities for shared prosperity -- there is no way forward but collective, common-sense action for the common good. This is how we rebuild trust.”

Addressing the Member States, the chief of the world body highlighted two “epochal challenges” which, since last year, have taken on surpassing urgency: climate change and the new risks associated with advances in technology.

He warned that the world has reached a pivotal moment as climate change is moving faster than we are – and its speed has provoked a sonic boom SOS across our world.

Reiterating that the community of world leaders is not doing enough on climate change, Guterres said “we need greater ambition and a greater sense of urgency. We must guarantee the implementation of the Paris Agreement. It has immense potential to set us on the right course, but its targets -- which represent the bare minimum to avoid the worst impacts of climate change -- are far from being met.”

The UN chief encouraged to make clean energy more affordable, and more investment in green economy. He noted that climate action can generate new industries, new markets, more jobs and less dependency on fossil fuels.

Turning to new technologies, Guterres noted that scientific progress has helped to cure deadly diseases, feed growing populations, drive economic growth and connect businesses, communities, families and friends across the world.

However, the UN chief also raised his concerns over the weaponization of artificial intelligence. He said “the impacts of new technologies on warfare are a direct threat to our common responsibility to guarantee peace and security.”

Guterres added that “the prospect of weapons that can select and attack a target on their own raises multiple alarms — and could trigger new arms races.Diminished oversight of weapons has implications for our efforts to contain threats, prevent escalation and adhere to international humanitarian and human rights law.”

In his remarks, the UN chief also highlighted the persisting challenges facing the people and the planet, including the seemingly unending conflicts in Syria and Yemen, the suffering of the Rohingya people and the threat of terrorism, non-proliferation and the use of chemical weapons.

Echoing the Secretary-General’s call for multilateralism, the President of the General Assembly María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés noted that multilateralism is the only possible response to the global challenges, adding that to weaken it or call it into question would only create instability, confusion, mistrust and polarization.

Garcés said “we live in an interconnected world that compels us to sustain global dialogue and the multilateral response. For that reason, I have proposed that we take up the multilateral agenda with a renewed commitment based on three principles: global leadership, shared responsibility and collective action.”

The President of the General Assembly also called on the Member States to work together on seven priorities, including: gender equality and the empowerment of women; implementation of the new global compacts on migration and refugees; creation of decent work opportunities for all; greater attention to environmental protection and making progress on the agreements aimed at slowing climate change; deepening the political and social commitment to persons with disabilities; the revitalization of the UN; peace and security and the role of young people in conflict prevention.

Following the tradition of the General Assembly that Brazil speaks first during the General Debate, the country’s President Michel Temer reiterated his country’s commitment on international cooperation.

The Brazilian President also highlighted that last year, his country enacted a new migration law, that not only protect the dignity of the migrants but recognize the benefits of the migrants.

On hosting "tens of thousands of Venezuelans nationals" who fled to his country, Temer said “we have sought to provide all assistance, in collaboration with the United Nations High Commissioner Office for Refugees. We have built shelters to accommodate at the best possible. We have also, ladies and gentlemen, arranged for them to be taken to other regions of Brazil. We have also issued formal document that enables them to work in Brazil and we have offered schooling opportunity plus vaccinations.”
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