UN / NON PROLIFERATION

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ENGLISH , RUSSIAN 18-Jan-2018 00:03:28
UN Secretary-General António Guterres told the Security Council today that global anxieties about nuclear weapons are “the highest since the Cold War” expressing deep concern over the “unimaginable consequences” of a military confrontation on the Korean Peninsula. UNIFEED
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STORY: UN / NON PROLIFERATION
TRT: 03:28
SOURCE: UNIFEED
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LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / RUSSIAN / NATS

DATELINE: 18 JANUARY 2018, NEW YORK CITY

SHOTLIST:

FILE - NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, UNHQ exterior

18 JANUARY 2018, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, Security Council
3. Wide shot, President of Kazakhstan
4. Wide shot, Secretary-General and President of Kazakhstan
5. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“Global anxieties about nuclear weapons are the highest since the Cold War. The situation on the Korean Peninsula is the most tense and dangerous peace and security challenge in the world today. I remain deeply concerned over the growing risk of military confrontation and the unimaginable consequences that would result.”
6. Wide shot, Secretary-General addressing Council
7. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“I welcome the reopening of inter-Korean communication channels, especially military-to-military. This is critical to lower the risk of miscalculation or misunderstanding and to reduce tensions.”
8. Wide shot, ambassadors
9. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian nuclear programme is also being questioned. This multilateral agreement, which is in the interest of the Iranian people and the international community at large, should be preserved.”
10. Wide shot, Russian Foreign Minister
11. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“The threats posed by weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery are taking place in an environment of increasing military budgets and the over-accumulation of weapons. And they are coupled with a serious growth in regional tensions. In such a geopolitical context, confidence-building measures that support arms control, non-proliferation and the elimination of weapons of mass destruction are extremely important. By increasing understanding of others’ positions and allowing information sharing on, for example, military budgets, strategic outlooks and troop movements, they can help to decrease tension and avert conflict.”
12. Wide shot, President of Kazakhstan addressing Council
13. SOUNDBITE (Russian) Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
“As a main measure to remove incentives for possessing WMD, I believe it is necessary to develop a legally binding system of safeguards by nuclear powers to the states that would voluntarily renounce possessing nuclear weapons as well as to the states with non-nuclear status. This is fair and it could be without great expenditure.”
14. Wide shot, Security Council
15. SOUNDBITE (Russian) Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Russian Federation:
“Iran steadfastly complies with its obligations and this is consistently confirmed by the IAEA. The overwhelming majority of the international community acknowledges that the JCPOA is making a tangible contribution towards strengthening the non-proliferation regime towards maintenance of the international peace and security and we cannot for the benefit of the political agenda of certain countries abandon a genuine achievement of the international diplomacy which was the crowning achievement of not only the participants to the agreement themselves but also the other stakeholders including Kazakhstan.”
16. Wide shot, Security Council
17. SOUNDBITE (English) Nikki Haley, Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations:
“In the case of Iran, while the United States continues to uphold its commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the international community must also demand that Iran fulfil its obligations under the resolution 2231. We imposed these obligations as the Security Council and together we must respond to Iran’s dangerous violations not because we want the nuclear agreement to fail but because we want the cause of non-proliferation to succeed.”

STORYLINE:

UN Secretary-General António Guterres told the Security Council today (18 Jan) that global anxieties about nuclear weapons are “the highest since the Cold War” expressing deep concern over the “unimaginable consequences” of a military confrontation on the Korean Peninsula.

Speaking at a high-level meeting of the Council, Guterres the situation on the Korean Peninsula is the “most tense and dangerous peace and security challenge in the world today.” He said the Council’s unity on the issue creates the opportunity for diplomatic engagement and welcomed the reopening of inter-Korean communication channels. Guterres noted that the opening of the channels is “critical to lower the risk of miscalculation or misunderstanding and to reduce tensions.”

Turning to Iran, the Secretary-General said the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on the country’s nuclear programme was “being questioned” and stressed the importance of preserving it.

Guterres said the threats posed by weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their means of delivery are taking place in an environment of “increasing military budgets and the over-accumulation of weapons” and are coupled with a serious growth in regional tensions. He said, “In such a geopolitical context, confidence-building measures that support arms control, non-proliferation and the elimination of weapons of mass destruction are extremely important. By increasing understanding of others’ positions and allowing information sharing on, for example, military budgets, strategic outlooks and troop movements, they can help to decrease tension and avert conflict.”

Kazakhstani President Nursultan Nazarbayev said more should be done to enhance confidence in the international non-proliferation regime. He said it should be made more difficult for countries to withdraw from the non-proliferation treaty (NPT) and called on the Council to adopt a resolution defining the implications for breaching the Treaty. Nazarbayev noted the need for developing an effective echanism of applying stringent measures against acquiring and proliferating WMD. He said, " As a main measure to remove incentives for possessing WMD, I believe it is necessary to develop a legally binding system of safeguards by nuclear powers to the states that would voluntarily renounce possessing nuclear weapons as well as to the states with non-nuclear status. This is fair and it could be without great expenditure.”

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said Iran “steadfastly complies with its obligations” under the JCPOA which is “consistently confirmed” by the UN nuclear watchdog, the IAEA. He added that the “overwhelming majority of the international community acknowledges that the JCPOA is making a tangible contribution towards strengthening the non-proliferation regime towards maintenance of the international peace and security.” He said the world could not “abandon a genuine achievement of the international diplomacy” for the “benefit of the political agenda of certain countries.”

United States ambassador Nikki Haley said her country continues to uphold its commitments under the JCPOA and called on the international community to “demand that Iran fulfil its obligations” under resolution 2231, in which the Council adopted the Agreement. She said the Security Council imposed the obligations under the resolution and must respond together “to Iran’s dangerous violations not because we want the nuclear agreement to fail but because we want the cause of non-proliferation to succeed.”
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