8040th Security Council Meeting: Situation in Mali

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SIX OFFICIAL 05-Sep-2017 00:14:09
Targeting actors derailing the peace process in Mali, the Security Council decided unanimously to impose sanctions and create a new committee and panel of experts to examine alleged violations, at 8040th meeting.
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Adopting resolution 2374 (2017), the Council also decided to impose a travel ban on and freeze the assets of designated individuals and entities actively stymying progress in implementing the Agreement of Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, signed in 2015 by that country’s Government and both the Plateforme and Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad coalitions of armed groups.

The new committee established by the resolution, comprising all Council members, would designate those to be subjected to the travel ban and asset freeze. It would also examine and take appropriate action on information concerning alleged violations or non-compliance with the measures prescribed by the text. Those would include engaging in hostilities in violation of the peace agreement and obstructing its implementation; producing and trafficking narcotics; smuggling migrants; planning and conducting attacks against national security and defence forces, as well as peacekeepers of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and other personnel of the Organization; obstructing deliveries of humanitarian assistance, engaging in violations of human rights law, and using or recruiting children.

Further by the text, the Council requested that the Secretary-General create, for an initial period of 13 months, a panel of up to five experts and make the necessary financial and security arrangements to support its work. The panel would help the new sanctions committee carry out its mandate while gathering, examining and analysing information concerning the resolution’s implementation.

François Delattre (France) said the sanctions regime was intended to help Mali’s recovery and would send a strong message to actors on the ground on the need to change their behaviour. Sanctions were a means to accompany MINUSMA’s work, he added, noting that the text provided provisions on human rights violations, obstruction of humanitarian aid deliveries, and causing harm to children. France saw sanctions as a viable tool for promoting progress, he continued, emphasizing: “Time is not on our side.” The peace agreement in Mali was critical to the security of the entire Sahel region, he pointed out, urging Council members to use all tools at their disposal to send a clear message that they would no longer tolerate actions that threatened the region and the world.

Vassily A. Nebenzia (Russian Federation) noted that sanctions sometimes antagonized the parties concerned and made it more difficult for them to negotiate and make progress. In determining the sources of instability in the Sahel and Mali, in particular, it was essential to recall how insecurity had spread following interference in Libya, he emphasized. The Russian Federation would remain ready to cooperate on all Sahel issues, he said.

Turning to the situation in Ukraine, he noted the decision by President Vladimir Putin to submit a draft resolution on establishing a United Nations peacekeeping mission in eastern Ukraine, saying that would help to improve security there.

Volodymyr Yelchenko (Ukraine) said he had taken careful note of the statement by the Russian Federation’s representative on deploying peacekeepers to Donbass. Such a deployment could contribute greatly to restoring peace and security in eastern Ukraine, but the mandate of such a mission must be carefully crafted, he emphasized.

Inigo Lambertini (Italy) voiced his delegation’s support for the resolution and commended France for its role in drafting the text.

The meeting began at 10:05 a.m. and ended at 10:20 a.m.
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