DRC / PROTEST HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT

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24-Oct-2016 00:02:51
Congolese police, armed forces and the Republican Guard used excessive – including lethal – force during demonstrations in Kinshasa last month, when at least 53 people were killed over two days, 143 injured and more than 299 unlawfully arrested, according to a UN preliminary investigation report. OHCHR

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STORY: DRC / PROTEST HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT
TRT: 02:51
SOURCE: OHCHR
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LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 21 OCTOBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO / FILE

SHOTLIST:

FILE - SEPTEMBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO

1. Wide shot, demonstrations
2. Med shot, demonstrations

21 OCTOBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO

3. SOUNDBITE (English) Jose Maria Aranaz, Head of the Human Rights Division, MONUSCO: “The report documents the work of the UN during the demonstrations of 19 September this year in Kinshasa and compiles the information gathered by our teams in the field and the follow up investigations conducted. The finding of the report is that at least 49 civilians were killed and four policemen in the course of the demonstrations and subsequent repression that took place on the 19th, 20th, and 21st of September.”

FILE - SEPTEMBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO

4. Various shots, demonstrations

21 OCTOBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO

5. SOUNDBITE (English) Jose Maria Aranaz, Head of the Human Rights Division, MONUSCO:
“The report is followed up by a subsequent thematic report on the efforts of fight against impunity and accountability in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the last 18 months.”

FILE - SEPTEMBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO

6. Various shots, demonstrations
7. Med shot, police

21 OCTOBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO

8. SOUNDBITE (English) Jose Maria Aranaz, Head of the Human Rights Division, MONUSCO: “The second report highlights that where there has been leadership, political will, and support from the international community, considerable progress has been made and that is in the area of sexual violence by the state actors. The report also underscores that there is effort to bring perpetrators of human rights abuses in the military to justice. And we have documented progress in the rate of prosecutions of those involved in human rights violations. However, the report records that there is a gap in bringing senior officers to justice. And a primary concern is the number of human rights abuses and violations committed by the national police that are not brought to justice.”

FILE - SEPTEMBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO

9. Wide shot, demonstrations

21 OCTOBER 2016, KINSHASA, DR CONGO


10. SOUNDBITE (English) Jose Maria Aranaz, Head of the Human Rights Division, MONUSCO: “The report calls for decisive reforms, action, support, and political will in the area of justice and accountability so that those responsible of human rights violations are brought to justice – ending the vicious cycle of impunity that feeds into violence and human rights violations being perpetuated in the DRC.”
11. Med shot, police
12. Close up, teargas launchers

STORYLINE:

Congolese police, armed forces and the Republican Guard used excessive – including lethal – force during demonstrations in Kinshasa last month, when at least 53 people were killed over two days, 143 injured and more than 299 unlawfully arrested, according to a UN preliminary investigation report.

Jose Maria Aranaz, Head of the Human Rights Division in the UN Peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) said the report, which documents the work of the UN during the demonstrations of 19 September this year in Kinshasa, finds that “at least 49 civilians were killed and 4 policemen in the course of the demonstrations and subsequent repression that took place on the 19, 20 and 21 of September.”

Aranaz noted that a subsequent thematic report “on the efforts of fight against impunity and accountability in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the last 18 months” has also been released.

This second report “highlights that where there has been leadership, political will, and support from the international community, considerable progress has been made and that is in the area of sexual violence by the state actors.”

It also underscores the “effort to bring perpetrators of human rights abuses in the military to justice” and documents “progress in the rate of prosecutions of those involved in human rights violations.”

However, he said, “the report records that there is a gap in bringing senior officers to justice. And a primary concern is the number of human rights abuses and violations committed by the national police that are not brought to justice.”

The preliminary investigation by the UN Joint Human Rights Office of MONUSCO documented 422 victims of human rights violations, including violations of the right to life, to physical integrity, to the liberty and security of the person, peaceful assembly and expression. The figures do not reflect the full extent of the violations, as the UN teams were denied access to official records of some morgues and public hospitals as well as various detention facilities, including two key facilities where many of those arrested and many dead bodies were reportedly taken. Investigations are ongoing.

Aranaz said “the report calls for decisive reforms, action, support, and political will in the area of justice and accountability so that those responsible of human rights violations are brought to justice – ending the vicious cycle of impunity that feeds into violence and human rights violations being perpetuated in the DRC.”

Of the 53 people documented killed, including seven women and two children, at least 48 were killed by State agents, including the Police Nationale Congolaise (PNC) and soldiers of the Garde Républicaine (GR)and the Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC).

Perpetrators were not identified in the killing of four police officers and one woman.

The vast majority of the victims – 38 of them – were shot dead. Many of them were shot in the head, chest and back, including a five-year-old girl who was shot in the back, the report states. Others died after being burned, stabbed, beaten or attacked with machetes. Of the 143 documented as injured, 75 were victims of the excessive use of force by State agents while 68 were injured by unknown perpetrators.

The report documents the harassment, arbitrary arrest and detention of local and international journalists, as well as the destruction and looting of the premises of eight political parties. The report also documents reports of violence by demonstrators. Of the four police officers killed, three were beaten to death and one burned alive.
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