UN / CHILDREN ARMED CONFLICT

06-Oct-2017 00:02:50
A top UN official said history will remember this generation of conflict “by the atrocity of the use and abuse of children in and for violent conflict” adding that children are “the expendable commodity of conflict today.” UNIFEED / FILE
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STORY: UN / CHILDREN ARMED CONFLICT
TRT: 02:50
SOURCE: UNIFEED / FILE
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT UNHCR FOOTAGE ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 06 OCTOBER 2017, NEW YORK CITY / FILE
SHOTLIST
FILE - NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, UNHQ exterior

06 OCTOBER 2017, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, press room
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
“Every one period has got a distinctive brand of shame. We will be remembered by the atrocity of the use and abuse of children in and for violent conflict. And I think it’s a mistake to consider children either a necessary adjunct victim or a useful tool on the margins of violent conflict today. What we are seeing today is that they are at the centre of the dynamic of violent conflict. They are the expendable commodity of conflict today.”
4. Med shot, journalist asking question
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
“If you look at the dynamics of war and of conflict, if you lose and you are losing to go and recruit children. It’s easy. It’s the fuel; it’s what gives you the numbers. You sell them, you know, if you need money. Why not? They are expendable commodities. This has got to stop because we will be remembered for this particular brand of atrocity.”
6. Wide shot, dais
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
“You know, one has to assume that it’s a lot more, because it is very hard to verify. I mean we use, at least in my office, we use a very strict monitoring and reporting mechanism with vetted verification lines by UN bodies, and half the time they have no access. You know, there are things that fall through the cracks. So, we have to assume that this is just the tip of an iceberg.”
8. Wide shot, journalists
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
“Children that are detained and are released need integration, need assistance. There are a lot of unaccompanied minors that are fleeing conflict. There is nothing there to hold them. We need to construct a demobilization and reintegration platform that can reach everybody and that can adequately bring these people back to society.”

FILE – UNMISS - 27 JANUARY 2015, GUMURUK, SOUTH SUDAN

10. Wide shot, children marching
11. Med shot, children seated holding guns while singing

FILE - UNHCR - 4 JULY 2017, AL-KHADRA NEIGHBORHOOD, EAST MOSUL, IRAQ

12. Wide shot, rubble
13. Med shot, children in rubble
14. Rack focus, small girl in rubble
STORYLINE
A top UN official said history will remember this generation of conflict “by the atrocity of the use and abuse of children in and for violent conflict” adding that children are “the expendable commodity of conflict today.”

Speaking to reporters in New York today (06 Oct), UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict Virginia Gamba said every period of conflict has “a distinctive brand of shame” adding that it would be a mistake to consider children “either a necessary adjunct victim or a useful tool on the margins of violent conflict today.” She noted that, given the dynamics of war, “losing” parties tend to recruit children because “it’s easy.”

Gamba was presenting the press with the Secretary-General’s latest report on children in armed conflict which covers the period between January and December 2016. The report found that children suffer an unacceptable level of violations by parties in the 20 countries covered, with at least 4,000 verified violations committed by government forces and over 11,500 by non-state armed groups. The violations under consideration include recruitment and use, killing and maiming, abduction, sexual violence, attacks on schools and hospitals, and the denial of humanitarian access.

Gamba revealed that Afghanistan had seen the highest child casualties since 2009, while child recruitment in Somalia doubled compared to the previous year. She said that one “has to assume” the figures are much higher given the difficulty to verify abuses adding that the report was likely “the tip of an iceberg.”

Gamba said the list of child abusers annexed to the report included nine governmental parties and 55 non-governmental armed groups. Asked about the inclusion of the Saudi-led coalition fighting in Yemen, Gamba said the coalition was working with her office to improve its performance. She said the coalition had attempted to revise its rules of engagement mid-last year and created an incident assessment team to review unintended violations and define corrective measures. She added that the coalition recently established a child protection unit and her office was currently working on a plan to provide training to that unit to increase its effectiveness.

The Special Representative called for the creation of a demobilization and reintegration platform to adequately bring children released from detainment or combat back into society. She said these children integration and assistance as many are unaccompanied minors.
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