UNICEF / MEDITERRANEAN CHILDREN

11-Sep-2017 00:01:52
A new UN report released today revealed that migrant and refugee children and youth trying to reach Europe face appalling levels of human rights abuses, with 77 percent of those traveling along the Central Mediterranean route reporting direct experiences of abuse, exploitation, and practices which may amount to human trafficking. UNICEF
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STORY: UNICEF / MEDITERRANEAN CHILDREN
TRT: 01:52
SOURCE: UNICEF
RESTRICTIONS: EMBARGOED UNTIL 00:01 GMT, 12 SEPTEMBER, 2017; CREDIT UNICEF FOOTAGE ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: VARIOUS LOCATIONS AND DATES
SHOTLIST
17 AUGUST, 2017, MIGRANT DETENTION CENTRE, LIBYA

1. Wide shot, migrants sitting on mattresses
2. Wide shot, migrants sleeping on floor
3. Close up, mother holding child
4. Med shot, mothers sitting on floor
5. Med shot, mother holding child

30 APRIL – 1 MAY, 2017, NORTH ITALY

6. SOUNDBITE (English), Joy, 17-year old victim of exploitation:
“She (her trafficker) told me that I was going to help her [as a hair] stylist. So when I got here, she took me to a street, [told me] that I should put on my panties and bra and I should start walking [along] the road.”
7. Close up, Joy’s hands
8. Close up, Joy’s eye
9. SOUNDBITE (English), Joy, 17-year old victim of exploitation:
“She told me that I am going to stand there, start waving at any car that is passing. That is prostitution.”
10. Tracking, Joy walking down street
11. Wide shot, Joy sitting on bench
12. Close up, Joy sitting on bench
13. Med shot, prostitute standing on road
14. Wide shot, prostitute getting into car

MAY 2016, MEDITERRANEAN SEA

15. Various shots, migrants on a rubber boat being rescued by Italian navy
16. Various shots, migrants boarding ship
17. Pan right, migrants sleeping on floor
18. Med shots, young men sitting at dock
STORYLINE
A new UN report released today (12 Sep) revealed that migrant and refugee children and youth trying to reach Europe face appalling levels of human rights abuses, with 77 percent of those traveling along the Central Mediterranean route reporting direct experiences of abuse, exploitation, and practices which may amount to human trafficking.

The “Harrowing Journeys” report, released jointly by UNICEF and the UN Migration Agency (IOM) is based on the testimonies of some 22,000 migrants and refugees, including some 11,000 children and youth, interviewed by IOM. It showed that while all migrants and refugees are at high risk, children and youth on the move are far more likely to experience exploitation and trafficking than adults aged 25 years and above.

The report said children from sub-Saharan Africa were more likely to be targeted than any other group with racism likely a major underlying factor behind this discrepancy. Children and youth traveling alone or over longer periods, along with those possessing lower levels of education, were also found to be highly vulnerable to exploitation at the hands of traffickers and criminal groups over the course of their journeys.

According to the report, the Central Mediterranean route is particularly dangerous, with most of the migrants and refugees passing through Libya which remains riven with lawlessness, militias and criminality. On average young people pay between 1,000 and 5,000 USD for the journey and often arrive to Europe in debt, which exposes them to further risks.

The report calls on all concerned parties, countries of origin, transit and destination, the African Union, the European Union, international and national organizations, to prioritize a series of actions to protect children from exploitation. These include establishing safe and regular pathways for children on the move; strengthening services to protect migrant and refugee children whether in countries of origin, transit or destination; finding alternatives to the detention of children on the move; working across borders to combat trafficking and exploitation; and combatting xenophobia, racism and discrimination against all migrants and refugees.
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