2015 / YEAR IN REVIEW

24-Dec-2015 00:09:26
2015 – Another year of extraordinary challenges for the world community as the United Nations Organization turned 70. UNTV
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STORY: 2015 / YEAR IN REVIEW
TRT: 09:26
SOURCE: UNIFEED-UNTV/ AP / Reuters / UNICEF / UNMISS/ UNMEER/ OHCHR/ UNHCR/ WFP/ ECLAC/ UNIC INDONESIA/ WORLD BANK / NIKITA KISELEV/ UN FOUNDATION UK/ UNDP / FILE
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH/ FRENCH/ GERMAN/ RUSSIAN / ARABIC/ CHADIAN / FARSI / NATS
DATELINE: 2015 / FILE
SHOTLIST
UNTV – 23 OCTOBER 2015, NEW YORK CITY

1. Timelapse shot, UN building lit blue

UNTV - 25 SEPTEMBER 2015, NEW YORK CITY

2. Various shots, adoption of Sustainable Development Agenda, delegates applauding

UNTV - 28 SEPTEMBER 2015, NEW YORK CITY

3. Wide shot, Ban Ki-moon walks to podium in General Assembly

4. SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
“The world continues to squander trillions in wasteful military spending. Why is it easier to find the money to destroy people and planet than it is to protect them?”

AP - 17 JUNE 2015 – YEMEN

5. Wide shot, bombings

6. Wide shot, people walking through ruins in city
7. Wide shot, destroyed tank

AP - 20 JULY 2015 – YEMEN

8. Med shot, burned cars in street in Yemen

WFP - 29 JULY 2015, OLD CITY, SANA’A, YEMEN

9. Wide shot, child in midst of ruins

FILE - 31 JULY 2015 – YEMEN

10. Wide shot, smoke over city

AP - 24 MAY 2015 - BURUNDI

11. Wide shots, soldiers and police in the streets, gun battle

FILE - 26 JUNE 2015 – BURUNDI

12. Various shots, refugees in boats

FILE - 19 OCTOBER 2015 – FYR of MACEDONIA

13. Various shots, migrants walking

UNICEF - NOVEMBER 2015 – GREECE

14. Various shots, migrants in boats, aerial shots

AP - 22 SEPTEMBER 2015 – TURKEY

15. Med shot, refugees holding up posters with pictures of Aylan Kurdi

FILE - 23 OCTOBER – CROATIA

16. Various shots, mass migration movements, groups of migrants waiting at fences

FILE - 31 JULY 2015 – YEMEN

17. Wide shot, arrival of sacks with grain in harbour

FILE - 24 APRIL 2015 – SYRIA

18. Various shots, delivery of food and goods

UNTV - 25 SEPTEMBER 2015, NEW YORK CITY

19. SOUNDBITE (German) Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany:
“In the end there can be but one solution: we must tackle the causes of flight and expulsion.”

AP - 2 APRIL 2015 – KENYA

20. Various shots, attack on Garissa University in Nairobi

AP - 2 NOVEMBER 2015 – RUSSIA

21. Various shots, mourning scenes at St. Petersburg airport shrine

AP - 12 November 2015 – LEBANON

22. Various shots of bomb attacks in Beirut

AP - NOVEMBER 2015 - PARIS, FRANCE

23. Various shots, aftermath of Paris terror attacks
24. Wide shot, Eiffel Tower in Red-White-Blue

UNTV - 29 SEPTEMBER 2015 – NEW YORK CITY

25. Various shots, Leader's Summit Countering ISIL
26. SOUNDBITE (English) Barack Obama, US President:
“Defeating ISIL requires -- I believe -- a new leader and an inclusive government that unites the Syrian people in the fight against terrorist groups.“

UNTV - 28 SEPTEMBER 2015 - NEW YORK CITY

27. Wide shot, President Putin walking through UN hallway and to podium
28. SOUNDBITE (Russian), Vladimir Putin, President Russia
“We think it is an enormous mistake to refuse to cooperate with the Syrian government and its armed forces, who are valiantly fighting terrorism face to face. We should finally acknowledge that no one but President Assad's armed forces and Kurdish militias are truly fighting the Islamic State and other terrorist organizations in Syria.”

AP - 30 OCTOBER 2015 - VIENNA, AUSTRIA

29. Various shots, delegates meet for ISSG talks

UNTV - 10 NOVEMBER 2015 - NEW YORK CITY

30. Wide shot, Mistura walks up to Security Council Stakeout position
31. SOUNDBITE (English) Staffan de Mistura, UN Special Envoy for Syria:
“We never dreamed to have the Russian Federation and the Americans sitting and heading the same table, and on one side having Saudi Arabia and on the other one Iran, plus other countries. So that type of momentum that we have been waiting for, we need now to support.”

UNTV - 20 NOVEMBER 2015 - NEW YORK CITY

32. Pan right, Security Council delegates voting on counter-terrorism resolution

AP - 17 JUNE 2015 - YEMEN

33. Various shots, fighting in Yemen, bombings, smoke over ruins

UNICEF - 18 August 2015 - YEMEN

34. Various shots, children being treated in hospital
35. SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Nour Fuad, 7 years-old from Sana'a:
“My sisters and I become so frightened when we hear the bullets. We are afraid that we will die. I do not like war, I like peace.”

UNHCR - 31 July 2015 – ADEN, YEMEN

36. Various shots, food distribution by UNHCR

OCHA – 11-13 AUGUST 2015 – YEMEN

37. Various shots, O'Brien visiting Yemen
38. SOUNDBITE, (English) Stephen O'Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief:
“We have got to help the people; we have got to make sure that we get the food, the security, the protection, the mine clearance and all the things which will give them some chance to feel safe.”

WHO - 15 DECEMBER 2015 – YEMEN

39. Various shots, destroyed buildings

FILE - 17 SEPTEMBER 2015 – CHAD

40. Various shots, displaced people in makeshift tents
41. SOUNDBITE (Chadian), Fatmata, Chadian IDP from Djangalima village:
“Boko Haram burnt my village. We fled that night.”
42. Various shots, WFP distribution of grains

FILE - 28 AUGUST 2015 - CAR

43. Various shots, reintegration ceremony of child soldiers

FILE - 1 SEPTEMBER 2015 – BAMBARI, CAR

44. Various shots, displaced people, UN peacekeepers

UNTV / UNMISS - 29 SEPTEMBER – NEW YORK CITY / JUBA VIA VIDEOLINK

45. SOUNDBITE (English) Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of South Sudan:
"I proceeded to sign the agreement in order to stop the war and give peace a chance."

UNMISS - 19 AUGUST 2015 – MALAKAL, SOUTH SUDAN

46. Various shots, displaced people on the road

UNMISS - 22 JULY 2015 - BENTIU, SOUTH SUDAN

47. Various shots, Mongolian women peacekeepers on patrol, in camps

OHCHR - 21 JULY 2015 - BUJUMBURA, BURUNDI

48. Various shots elections in Burundi

AP - 20 AUGUST 2015 - BUJUMBURA, BURUNDI

49. Med shot, Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza takes oath of office for third term

AP - 20 MAY - BUJUMBURA, BURUNDI

50. Various shots, tension in the streets of Bujumbura

UNHCR - 20 MAY 2015 - KAGUNGA, TANZANIA

51. Various shots, refugees in boats

UNICEF - 17 MARCH 2015 - FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE

52. Various shots, Ebola hospital, staff in special protection suits, disinfection of ward

UNMEER - 17 APRIL 2015 - FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE

53. Various shots, vaccine preparation, man getting vaccinated

UNICEF - 17 MARCH 2015 - FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE

54. Various shots, Ebola awareness posters in street

UNTV - 30 SEPTEMBER 2015 – NEW YORK CITY

55. Various shots, flag of Palestine raised for the first time at UN

AP - 30 OCTOBER 2015 - BETHLEHEM, PALESTINE

56. Various shots, clashes in the streets

AP - 31 OCTOBER 2015 - HEBRON, WEST BANK, PALESTINE

57. Various shots, funeral processions

UNTV - DATE UNKNOWN - NEW YORK CITY

58. Wide shot, UN Headquarters at night

UNTV - 28 SEPTEMBER 2015 - NEW YORK CITY

59. Various shots, E3+3 meets with Iran in Security Council Consultations Room
60. Various shots, Iran's President at UN General Assembly Hall
61. SOUNDBITE (Farsi) Hassan Rouhani, President of Islamic Republic of Iran:
“Where necessary we moved forward and where necessary we showed the courage for flexibility; and, at each point, we made use of the full capacity of international law and showcased the potentials of constructive dialogue. “

UNTV - 17 NOVEMBER 2015 - NEW YORK CITY

62. Wide shot, Yukiya Amano, Director General of the IAEA, walks to the podium of GA
63. SOUNDBITE (English) Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA):
“Much work remains to be done, but I believe the significant progress made on the Iran nuclear issue represents a real success for diplomacy.”

WFP - 22 JUNE 2015 - GHORKA, NEPAL

64. Various shots, destructions, building shelter and repairing damaged buildings

UNTV - 25 SEPTEMBER 2015 - NEW YORK CITY

65. Various shots, Pope Francis arriving at UN Headquarters
66. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Pope Francis:
“The misuse and destruction of the environment are also accompanied by a relentless process of exclusion. In effect, a selfish and boundless thirst for power and material prosperity leads both to the misuse of available natural resources and to the exclusion of the weak and disadvantaged.”
67. Pan right, applause in General Assembly Hall

UNTV - 8 JULY 2015 - SVALBARD, NORWAY

68. Various shots, Ban Ki-moon on boat, inspecting melting glaciers and icebergs
69. SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
“I am alarmed that there are so many cracks that will soon break. They are melting very rapidly. Unless we take action now we will have to regret. We have to keep global temperature rise below two degrees as soon as possible.”

UNTV – 11 DECEMBER 2015 - PARIS, FRANCE

70. Various shots, Ban Ki-moon walks with John Kerry, journalists at stakeout, indigenous negotiators, Ban Ki-moon with various delegates negotiating

UNTV- 12 DECEMBER 2015 - PARIS, FRANCE

71. Various shots, adopting Paris Agreement - French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius gavelling the agreement, audience celebrating, panel members, including Ban Ki-moon, hugging and joining hands as sign of victory
STORYLINE
2015 – Another year of extraordinary challenges for the world community as the United Nations Organization turned 70.

In September, member states united to adopt Agenda 2030 – promising they would act on a transformative vision by setting 17 Sustainable Development Goals, that span education to gender equality to good governance and sustainable energy for all. The Mission is to end extreme poverty in all its forms over the next 15 years.

Earlier in the year, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for an urgent change in priorities.

SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
“The world continues to squander trillions in wasteful military spending. Why is it easier to find the money to destroy people and planet than it is to protect them?”

Turmoil in Yemen, Syria, Libya, South Sudan and many other places brought suffering to new heights. At least 60 million people have fled their homes - the highest number of displaced since World War Two. On their perilous journey across the seas, more than 3500 refugees have died or are missing – including a little boy, whose image moved the world. The survivors – a mass movement seeking refuge - are often met by fences instead.

UN agencies, like the World Food Program, have seen growing funding gaps, prompting them to cut back on food and cash aid to refugees. The humanitarian system is stretched to the limits.

SOUNDBITE (German) Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany:
“In the end there can be but one solution: we must tackle the causes of flight and expulsion.”

The reign of terror by fanatical groups like ISIL or Daesh not only sent millions of people in the Middle East running for their lives – their franchises spread fear throughout the world. In Kenya, 147 students died in a militant attack on Garissa University.

A Russian passenger plane was brought down over the Sinai as a bomb attacks in Beirut killed over 40 people in a busy shopping mall. Paris lost more than a hundred people in a night of mass shootings and terror. Some of the suicide bombers were only teenagers.

In September, World Leaders converged on the UN and took up the fight against terrorism.

Ending the five-year old Syria conflict was seen as intricately linked to all other measures.
SOUNDBITE (English) Barack Obama, US President:
“Defeating ISIL requires -- I believe -- a new leader and an inclusive government that unites the Syrian people in the fight against terrorist groups.“

Russian President Vladimir Putin shared a different vision with the General Assembly.

SOUNDBITE (Russian), Vladimir Putin, President Russia
“We think it is an enormous mistake to refuse to cooperate with the Syrian government and its armed forces, who are valiantly fighting terrorism face to face. We should finally acknowledge that no one but President Assad's armed forces and Kurdish militias are truly fighting the Islamic State and other terrorist organizations in Syria.”
Peace Talks in Vienna brought all stakeholders to the table – except the Syrians themselves.

SOUNDBITE (English) Staffan de Mistura, UN Special Envoy for Syria:
“We never dreamed to have the Russian Federation and the Americans sitting and heading the same table, and on one side having Saudi Arabia and on the other one Iran, plus other countries. So that type of momentum that we have been waiting for, we need now to support.”

In November, the Security Council united to adopt a resolution to “take all possible measures” in compliance with the UN charter, to prevent and suppress terrorist acts.

In YEMEN, insurgencies, air strikes and proxy battles have turned the country into a humanitarian catastrophe, leaving 80 % of the population in need of assistance. An average of eight children a day are killed or maimed as result of the conflict, two million children are severely malnourished, health centers and schools have closed down.

SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Nour Fuad, 7 years-old from Sana'a:
“My sisters and I become so frightened when we hear the bullets. We are afraid that we will die. I do not like war, I like peace.”


Despite the UN-led emergency assistance, the country is one step away from famine.

SOUNDBITE, (English) Stephen O'Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief:
“We have got to help the people; we have got to make sure that we get the food, the security, the protection, the mine clearance and all the things which will give them some chance to feel safe.”

In December, during UN-sponsored talks in Geneva, a temporary suspension of hostilities in Yemen was announced. The UN urged parties to use this lull to advance the peace process.

Waves of terror hit Nigeria, where Boko Haram has killed more than 20.000 people in the last 6 years. Two and a half million people either fled across borders or are homeless in their own country.

SOUNDBITE (Chadian), Fatmata, Chadian IDP from Djangalima village:
“Boko Haram burnt my village. We fled that night.”

Food security in the region is a major challenge – UN agencies aim to feed 400.000 people a month, but with so many emergencies competing for funds, rations had to be cut everywhere.

In the Central African Republic, more than 500 children were released by militias and reintegrated into society. In May, 10 rival militia groups signed a deal to disarm, and to pursue a process of reconciliation and democratic elections. Violence has continued, disrupting the political process, and hindering the vital work of humanitarian agencies.

In South Sudan, peace talks between government and rebels initially gave hope that peace is at hand.

SOUNDBITE (English) Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of South Sudan:
"I proceeded to sign the agreement in order to stop the war and give peace a chance."

But fighting continued in various states despite a ceasefire deal, leading to yet another round of peace talks. Still more than a hundred thousand internally displaced people live in the UN protection sites. Mongolian women peacekeepers are helping create a secure environment and demonstrate the role of women in building peace. After years of crisis, almost 4 million people face hunger in South Sudan and during the rainy season many of them can only be reached by food air drops.

Despite Burundi’s election to the UN Human Rights Council, their own presidential elections in July were overshadowed by allegations of human rights violations.

More than 100.000 Burundians have fled the country, many of them across the lake to Tanzania and Rwanda. While the UN’s Refugee Agency and Unicef helped to provide shelter and relief from cholera and malnutrition, the Security Council urged all parties to enter political dialogue.

Signs of Success in Western Africa – the number of Ebola cases has declined dramatically; thanks to collective action by communities, their governments and support from around the world. The outbreak is still not over, but with new rapid diagnostic tests and a promising new vaccine the communities now turn to a phase of vigilance to prevent the killer virus from taking hold once again.

Observer State Palestine now proudly flies its flag on UN premises – but recently flags were unfurled in mourning, when a new round of violence claimed more innocent Israelis and Palestinians.

Historic Nuclear Agreement with Iran: Six major powers agreed to lift sanctions they had imposed on Iran if the country promised to scale back dramatically its nuclear program and to reduce by two-thirds the number of centrifuges it possessed.

SOUNDBITE (Farsi) Hassan Rouhani, President of Islamic Republic of Iran:
“Where necessary we moved forward and where necessary we showed the courage for flexibility; and, at each point, we made use of the full capacity of international law and showcased the potentials of constructive dialogue. “

Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

SOUNDBITE (English) Yukiya Amano, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA):
“Much work remains to be done, but I believe the significant progress made on the Iran nuclear issue represents a real success for diplomacy.”

Meanwhile in Nepal, a devastating 7.8 magnitude Earthquake presented unique challenges to the people – and the UN and its agencies. Delivering food and supplies to most inaccessible mountain areas, providing locals with shelter and cash grants to rebuild their houses and infrastructure – they even airlifted child monks when their monastery in the Himalayas got cut off from the rest of the world.

At his historic visit to the UN in September, Pope Francis made a strong appeal to world leaders to put care for the planet, humanity and nature at the top of their moral agenda.

SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Pope Francis:
“The misuse and destruction of the environment are also accompanied by a relentless process of exclusion. In effect, a selfish and boundless thirst for power and material prosperity leads both to the misuse of available natural resources and to the exclusion of the weak and disadvantaged.”

Travelling to Norway’s Arctic, Ban Ki-moon took a personal look at the shrinking glaciers he had visited six years ago.

SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
“I am alarmed that there are so many cracks that will soon break. They are melting very rapidly. Unless we take action now we will have to regret. We have to keep global temperature rise below two degrees as soon as possible.”

Two weeks of tireless negotiations at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris led to a moment of triumph: for the first time, 195 countries adopted a universal agreement to curb emissions, strengthen resilience and join hands to take common climate action. All countries agreed to hold the rise of global temperatures well below 2 degrees Celsius.
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