GENEVA / SYRIA COI

14-Nov-2014 00:02:32
A new report of the UN Commission of Inquiry dealing with Syria has documented shocking accounts of the ISIS (Da’esh) armed group’s use of terror to subjugate Syrians living in its areas of control, as well as the use of extreme violence against both civilians and captured fighters. CH UNTV
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STORY: GENEVA / SYRIA COI
TRT: 2’32”
SOURCE: CH UNTV
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 14 NOVEMBER 2014, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND

SHOTLIST

1. Wide shot, exterior, Palais des Nations
2. Wide shot, presser
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Paulo Pinheiro, Chair of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic:
“The abuses, violations and crimes committed by the so-called ISIS against Syrians have been deliberate and calculated. The commanders of ISIS have acted wilfully perpetrating these war crimes and crimes against humanity. They are individually criminally responsible for these crimes.”
4. Close up, journalist
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Vitit Muntarbhorn, Commissioner, Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic:
“Violations, vis à vis children, are multiple. Children being used as child soldiers, children being forced to watch public executions, indoctrination in school. And from a child rights perspective, and let me humbly remind myself that this year is the 25th anniversary of the child rights Convention that we look at children as victims rather than perpetrators and that is why, towards the end of the paper you will see some recommendations from us in terms of the need for demobilisation of kids, the need for rehabilitation, the need for socio-psychological medical help, all as part of a package to see children as victims rather than perpetrators. It is the adults who are the perpetrators and who instrumentalise the children.”
6. Med shot, journalists
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Vitit Muntarbhorn, Commissioner, Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic:
“A very worrying trend is indoctrination in education. So whatever kids are there in the country, under the control of the group, they are very much jeopardised and threatened by indoctrination and also being used as instruments to spread the extremism.”
8. Wide shot, journalists
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Paulo Pinheiro, Chair of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic:
“They are caught, they are indoctrinated and they return to their families and they function as a sort of time bomb because they will be in contradiction of what their parents are practicing in terms of religion or any social practice.”
10. Med shot, cameras


STORYLINE:

A new report of the UN Commission of Inquiry dealing with Syria has documented shocking accounts of the ISIS (Da’esh) armed group’s use of terror to subjugate Syrians living in its areas of control, as well as the use of extreme violence against both civilians and captured fighters.

Based on over 300 first-hand victim and witness accounts, the report provides a unique insight from Syrian men, women and children who fled or who are living in ISIS-controlled areas.

Among the commission of inquiry’s recommendations is a call to engage international accountability mechanisms, including the International Criminal Court, to hold individuals, including ISIS commanders, responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Paulo Pinheiro, Chairman of the Commission, said that testimonies show that ISIS tries to subjugate civilians under its control and dominate every aspect of their lives through terror and indoctrination. Children in particular are being targeted, with militants using schools to recruit child soldiers.

Pinheiro also said that abuses, violations and crimes committed by ISIS against Syrians have been deliberate and calculated. He added that executions, amputations and lashings in public places have become a regular occurrence; that women and girls are being excluded from public life and sometimes sold into sexual slavery; and that children are being indoctrinated in the extremist ideology of ISIS as a way to foster a new generation of recruits.

The report noted that ISIS militants have committed murder and other inhumane acts, enslavement, rape, sexual slavery and violence, forcible displacement, enforced disappearance and torture. Witness statements say that ISIS has beheaded, shot and stoned men, women and children in public places across north-eastern Syria. Executions have become commonplace, with corpses being publicly displayed and heads placed on spikes along park railings.

The report included accounts of abductions of women and girls who are being held as sexual slaves and says that those who are held by ISIS are being raped by multiple militants when they return from the battlefront. In ISIS-controlled areas of Syria, women and girls have largely been confined to their houses, with regulations dictating what they must wear, who they can socialise with and where they may work.

Pinheiro stated that ISIS is using education as a way of indoctrinating a new generation of supporters. He says that, in many areas, the school curriculum has been amended to reflect the ideology of ISIS and also includes weapons training.

He said “they are caught, they are indoctrinated and they return to their families and they function as a sort of time bomb because they will be in contradiction of what their parents are practicing in terms of religion or any social practice.”

Vitit Muntarbhorn, one of the Commissioners, elaborated on the abuses of children. He stressed they were forced to watch public executions and indoctrinated in school. He stressed that child soldiers were not perpetrators of crimes but victims and should be treated as such.

He added “it is the adults who are the perpetrators and who instrumentalise the children.”

The Commission noted that the lack of a political process has allowed extremism to fester and that the international community and the Syrian Government must seek a sustainable solution to the on-going armed conflict.
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