Delegates of fifty nations met at San Francisco between April 25 and June 26, 1945. Working on the Dumbarton Oaks proposals, the Yalta Agreement, and amendments proposed by various Governments, the Conference agreed upon the Charter of the United Nations and the Statute of the new International Court of Justice. The Charter was passed unanimously and signed by all the representatives. It came into force on October 24, 1945, when China, France, the USSR, the United Kingdom, and the United States and a majority of the other signatories had filed their instruments of ratification.
Iraq Chairman, Arshad Al-Omari, seated centre, and members of the Iraqi Delegation. Standing (left to right): Mohammed Adham, Haschim Jawad, Dr. Mejid Abbas, Dr. Abde-Ul-Jabbar Chalabi, Thomas Mansy, Darwish Al-Haidari, and Baha Awani; Seated (left to right): Judge H.I. Lloyd, Ali Jawdat, Arshad Al-Omari, and Nasrat Al-Farsy. [25 April - 26 June 1945]