News in Brief 08 November 2017 (AM)

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Fatou Bensouda, Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Court (ICC), briefs the Security Council on the situation in Libya. UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

Crimes against migrants in Libya may come under ICC jurisdiction

Crimes against migrants detained or trafficked through Libya "may fall within the jurisdiction" of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

That's the view expressed to the Security Council on Wednesday by ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda.

Libya descended into conflict between armed factions following the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi, in 2011.

Ms Bensouda said that "if serious crimes under the Rome Statute continue to be committed" in Libya, she would "not hesitate" to apply new arrest warrants.

She called on all military actors to operate within the framework of international law and humanitarian law.

She said the ICC remained concerned by "serious crimes" being committed against vulnerable migrants, using Libya as a corridor to reach Europe by sea.

Many continue to be held in irregular detention centres, or die in the desert.

She told Council members her office would continue examining crimes against migrants transiting through Libya.

"Depending on the precise facts and circumstances that might be established in the course of full investigations, such crimes may fall within the jurisdiction of the court. This issue must be decided though, on a case-by-case analysis, based on the relevant facts and an assessment of my office's jurisdiction."

Brazil "must act now" to combat modern slavery: UN experts

The Brazilian government needs to take "urgent action" to halt measures that could erode protections against modern slavery, and weaken regulations designed to keep corporations in check.

That's according to a group of UN human rights experts on Wednesday, who issued a joint statement expressing their concern over political developments, including ministerial order 1129, which narrows the definition of contemporary slavery.

It could also reduce the number of victims detected.

"Brazil has often played a leadership role in the fight against modern slavery" said the statement, adding that it was "surprising and disappointing to see measures that could see the country losing ground on this front".

UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary slavery, Urmila Bhoola, said the order put Brazil at risk of "taking a step backward" in the way it regulates businesses.

She said it was "essential that Brazil takes decisive action now" to avoid undermining a decade of anti-slavery measures.

Surya Deva, chair of the UN Working Group on human rights and transnational corporations also expressed concern over a senate bill that would weaken the definition of slave labour, as well as budget cuts to the labour inspectorate.

UNESCO deplores "cold-blooded killing" of TV worker in Afghanistan

The head of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO, has condemned Tuesday's terrorist attack on a television station that killed a media worker in the Afghan capital, Kabul.

Gunmen disguised as policemen stormed the offices of the 24-hour network Shamshad, killing a guard at the gate and injuring many other employees, six of whom were reported to be in a critical condition in the hospital.

The terrorist group ISIL, or Da'esh claimed it was behind the attack.

UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova, condemned the "cold-blooded" killing and injuring of what she described as a "shocking number" of personnel.

While expressing her condolences to the bereaved, she saluted the courage of Shamshad staff, who began broadcasting again shortly after the attack.

Natalie Hutchison, United Nations.

Duration: 3’04″

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