News in Brief 04 October 2017 (AM)

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Woman in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, receives food from UN and aid partners after fleeing Myanmar. On Wednesday IOM launched a US$120 million appeal for Rohingya refugees. Photo: WFP/Saikat Mojumder

UN migration agency launches US$120 million appeal for Rohingya refugees

The UN migration agency, IOM, launched a US$120 million international appeal on Wednesday to support more than 500,000 Rohingya refugees who are now living "in dire conditions" in Bangladesh.

The mainly-Muslim Rohingya, based in Myanmar's northern Rakhine state, have been fleeing attacks from government forces since 25 August.

IOM said that the "speed and magnitude" of the exodus has resulted in a "critical humanitarian emergency," with refugees mostly arriving in the Cox's Bazar region, with little or no possessions.

At the request of the Bangladesh authorities, IOM has been leading the Inter Sector Coordination Group, which is coordinating the humanitarian response.

The UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) together with the Committee on the Rights of the Child, have called on Myanmar authorities to stop the violence and promptly investigate and prosecute cases of violence against women and children.

Nuclear power will continue to be in demand: Atomic Agency

Global demand for nuclear power to generate electricity remains high, though expansion of the industry is expected to slow down.

That’s according to new data on nuclear power capacity up to 2050, released on Wednesday by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

The data highlights that developing countries still show strong interest in nuclear power development.

IAEA says that over the short term, cheap natural gas and the impact of renewable energy on electricity prices will continue to make nuclear power a less attractive option in some regions.

But, in the long run, climate change, growing population and rising demand for power, will ensure the importance of nuclear power generation.

Thousands of children displaced by Pacific volcano activity need support: UN

Almost 12,000 people, many of them children, have been forced to leave their Pacific island home, due to the threat of a volcanic eruption.

The residents of Ambae Island – part of Vanuatu – are now sheltering on nearby islands including Maewo, Pentecost and Santo, said the UN Children's Fund Pacific Representative, Sheldon Yett, on Wednesday.

"The most immediate concern is for these thousands of children forced from their homes to be safe and secure" said the UNICEF official.

He said the Vanuatu government had been leading the effort to help children access basic needs including clean water and sanitation.

More than 3,000 students, including around 2,000 primary school students, are currently out of school due to the evacuations, and need to be re-enrolled as a temporary measure.

Natalie Hutchison, United Nations.

Duration: 2’23″

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