News in Brief 23 August 2017 (AM)

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A mother and child are standing in front of coal-making ovens. Green wood is burned at high temperatures to make the coal. 1991, Minas Gerais, Brazil. UN Photo/Sebastiao Barbosa

Learning about slave trade history contributes to fairer societies: UNESCO

Knowledge about the transatlantic slave trade is critical to building freer societies today.

That's the message from the head of the UN's educational and cultural organization, UNESCO, for the International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition, celebrated annually on 23 August.

The day provides an opportunity to reflect on history in order to shed light on the fight against all forms of oppression and racism today.

Stéphane Dujarric is the UN Spokesman:

"In her message for the Day, UNESO Director-General Irina Bokova said: "Ignorance is our enemy. Everyone must know the scale of the crime of the slave trade, the millions of lives broken and the impact on the fate of continents up to this very day. Everyone must be fully informed of the struggle that led to its abolition, so that together we can build societies that are fairer, and thus freer."

FAO calls for action to support small-scale fisheries

Although small-scale fisheries provide two-thirds of all catch for consumption, the sector struggles to compete due to regulatory frameworks which favour large commercial fleets.

That's according to a book launched on Wednesday by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

It serves as an initial progress report on implementing voluntary guidelines on sustainable small-scale fisheries, adopted in 2014, aimed at improving the livelihoods of the more than 100 million people globally who work in the sector.

Nicole Franz, FAO's lead officer on sustainable small-scale fisheries issues, said it is now time for policymakers to "take concrete action" to ensure guidelines are implemented.

The book includes 30 case studies from across the globe and addresses issues that include gender and sustainable resource use.

FAO said that "far from being relics of a bygone age, small-scale fisheries technologies and practices are usually well adapted to the ecological and social circumstances within which they operate."

IOM project in Burkina Faso tackles youth migration

A new project in Burkina Faso aims to stem youth migration from the country.

It investigates the links between young people, employment and migration and seeks to promote youth employability and entrepreneurship in efforts to reduce the risk of irregular migration in the region.

The three-year project was launched earlier this month by the UN migration agency, IOM, with support from the Italian government.

Some 750 young people, including women and people with disabilities, will be trained in how to create micro-enterprises.

By the end of the project, 375 of them will receive technical and financial support to establish their own businesses.

IOM said Burkina Faso, like other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, has seen "increasingly high migration flow" as a result of youth unemployment.

Furthermore, nearly 70 per cent of young people there have not received any type of job training.

Duration: 3’04″

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