Hunger driving migration in complex dynamic: WFP

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An elderly woman sits outside her makeshift dwelling in Afghanistan. Photo: WFP/Eoin Casey

Food insecurity and hunger is a major factor driving people from their homes, said the World Food Programme (WFP) on Friday.

In a new report entitled At the Root of Exodus: Food security, conflict and international migration, WFP found that every percentage point increase in food insecurity led to almost a two percent increase in migration.

Vibhu Mishra has the details.

The report highlights the complex push-pull relationship between migration and hunger.

Apart from hunger driving people to leave, it also concludes that the act of migration itself can cause food insecurity, given the costs and lack of stability faced by those on the move.

WFP Executive Director David Beasley said that "with millions of our brothers and sisters having fled their homes, it is our duty to shed light on their tragic situation."

He said that understanding the dynamics compelling people to leave helped humanitarians and others to better understand and address their needs.

It's the first time that such a comprehensive analysis has been done on the relationship, said WFP.

A particularly troubling finding was that food insecurity often fuels armed conflict, with 0.4 per cent more people fleeing a country for each additional year of fighting.

Vibhu Mishra, United Nations.

Duration: 48″

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