News in Brief 17 November 2016 (AM)

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Jan Eliasson. UN Photo/Jean-Marc Ferré

"Promising signs" of peace means CAR deserves donor support

"Promising signs" of a real commitment to peace and development by the new government of the Central African Republic (CAR) should encourage international donors to help the peacebuilding process there.

That's according to UN Deputy Secretary-General, Jan Eliasson, speaking on Thursday at a conference in Brussels which aims to raise US$1.5 billion to aid CAR's recovery.

It's been organized by the UN, World Bank, European Union (EU) and CAR's government, now led by newly-elected President Faustin Archange Touadera.

The UN deputy chief recently visited the country, and he told the conference now was a pivotal moment to offer political and financial support, in order to aid peacebuilding efforts over the next three to five years.

"Now is a moment when we have these promising signs, these promising intentions from the government. We hope very much that the forces you try to mobilize will be on your side. There are those unfortunately who would like to sabotage this process but we would like to be at your side but I think it's not only in the interest of the Central African Republic, it's also important for your region."

"International confidence" in Iran nuclear deal needs to be maintained

Iran needs to ensure that it maintains "international confidence" in the nuclear deal agreed last year with world powers, after its stockpile of "heavy water" exceeded the limits set by the agreement.

In his annual statement to the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Director-General Yukiya Amano, said it was the second time that this discrepancy had occurred.

He said that Iran had made preparations to transfer a quantity of the heavy water out of the country, under the verification and monitoring of the IAEA, according to the terms of the deal known as the JCPOA.

"It is important that such situations should be avoided in future, in order to maintain international confidence in the implementation of the JCPOA which represents a clear gain for nuclear verification in Iran."

Mr Amano said he remained "seriously concerned" about North Korea's nuclear programme, which has conducted two more nuclear tests, in defiance of UN sanctions, this year.

"Brutal" eviction of 30,000 Nigerians need to be explained: UN expert

An "urgent explanation" is needed from the Nigerian government over why 30,000 people living in so-called "irregular developments" were evicted from their homes last week.

That's the view of UN Special Rapporteur on the right to housing, Leilani Farha, who said the evictions of residents living on the waterfront in Lagos State had "involved the extreme use of force", reportedly leading to four deaths.

She said the evictions carried out by Nigerian police and the state government, had mainly affected people living in poor fishing communities, who had now "lost their livelihoods and food sources as well as homes and possessions."

The UN independent expert has asked the national government for information on how the evictions were carried out, and questioned whether they complied with international law.

Ms Farha said the operation had taken place just a few days after a state official had issued an injunction, restraining demolitions on the waterfront.

Matthew Wells, United Nations.

Duration: 2'55"

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