News in Brief 31 October 2016 (PM)

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Quito, Ecuador. UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras

"Transform world" through cities

"To transform our world, we must transform its cities;" that's the message from the UN Secretary-General on World Cities Day marked annually on October 31.

Globally, more than half of all people live in cities and human settlements, and that proportion is projected to grow to two thirds by 2050.

The UN chief Ban Ki-moon said that cities are increasingly the home of humanity and are central to climate action, global prosperity, peace and human rights.

He urged people around the world to show how success in cities inspires change across the world.

Boys have role in reducing sexual violence

Young men and boys have a key role to play in reducing sexual violence according to the Deputy Chief of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA).

According to the UN, one in three women around the world, still experience physical or sexual violence, mostly by an intimate partner.

UNFPA's Natalia Karen has been in Mozambique for the annual meeting of the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health where she underscored the importance of educating boys about the issue.

"Boys, in particular, if they understand these questions of human rights and respect, a lot of our issues with sexual and gender violence are going to slowly diminish and disappear."

Main global greenhouse gas emitters urged to act for vulnerable countries

The world's main emitters of harmful greenhouse gases have been urged by a UN independent expert to act without delay to help vulnerable countries such as Madagascar avoid the worst effects of climate change.

Ending a visit to the Indian Ocean island, the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment, John Knox, said countries which emit most greenhouse gases must act quickly to implement and to strengthen their mitigation commitments in the Paris Agreement.

The international agreement, which enters into force on Friday, is aiming to keep global temperature rises to below two degrees Celsius.

Harmful gases are destroying the ozone layer and leading to an increase in global temperatures.

Andita Listyarini, United Nations.

Duration: 2’16″

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