News in Brief 16 August 2016 (PM)

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WFP and partners have reached thousands of people recently displaced by Boko Haram in Chad and Cameroon with life-saving food and nutrition support. Photo: WFP West Africa (file photo)

"Severely underfunded" aid operations to receive US $50 million

US $50 million has been released by the UN Central Emergency Fund (CERF) for six "severely underfunded and neglected" aid operations.

The CERF was introduced to provide fast and predictable funding for humanitarian crises around the world.

The funds will provide life-saving assistance for two million people in dire humanitarian need, the Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O'Brien, said.

Some US$35 million will allow humanitarian partners to respond to protracted humanitarian emergencies in Central Africa caused by armed conflicts, political instability and human rights violations, and compounded by food insecurity and disease outbreaks.

The funds will support the delivery of critical health services, access to food, emergency shelter, protection of women and girls, and water and sanitation in the Central African Republic, Chad, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

A further US$13 million will boost relief operations in Yemen where an estimated 21.2 million people require humanitarian assistance.

Meanwhile, US$2 million will support humanitarian partners in Eritrea.

UN report looks at migration flows between Iraq and Europe

A new report examining the migration flows between Iraq and Europe and the reasons behind it, has been released by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

The findings revealed that the main reasons cited for emigration from Iraq were lack of security, perceived lack of equality and social justice and political instability.

Economic stability was considered secondary to security concerns.

Many of the participants selected a country of destination based on the presence of friends or relatives, or the ease of obtaining residency permits.

However, many migrants report that life in Europe had been idealized and that the reality was more difficult.

Nearly 85,000 Iraqis arrived to Greece by sea in the second half of 2015 alone, the IOM Iraq Chief of Mission noted.

Thomas Lothar Weiss said a deeper understanding of the dynamics and driving factors behind the decision to leave home is crucial to better address the needs of Iraqi migrants.

UN literacy projects helps Afghan police improve their lives

A literacy project run by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), is helping Afghan police workers turn their lives around.

Afghanistan has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world, currently estimated at about 31per cent of the adult population.

The agency has been implementing a large-scale literacy project called the Enhancement of Literacy Afghanistan (ELA).

It launched the first programme in 2011 in 19 of the 34 Afghan provinces, with funding from the Government of Japan.

Gul Rahman, a patrolman at Paktya Province prison security unit, said his ability to serve as a policeman has greatly improved after he learned how to read, write and count.

About 70 per cent of the155,000-strong police force in 2010 was functionally illiterate, according to statistics from the Ministry of Interior Affairs in Afghanistan.

Duration: 3’20″

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