Rwanda tribunal draws to a close

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Justice Hassan Bubacar Jallow, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, addresses the Security Council. UN Photo/Amanda Voisard

The first international court to deliver verdicts related to genocide and to recognize rape as a means of perpetrating this crime completes its mandate this month.

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda has indicted more than 90 people in connection with the 1994 genocide in that country.

It was also the first international tribunal to hold members of the media responsible for broadcasts intended to spur the public to commit acts of genocide.

Dianne Penn reports.

Those indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda included high-ranking military and government officials, politicians, and businessmen, but also religious, militia and media leaders.

Seventy-five were prosecuted and 61were convicted of genocide and related offences.

Justice Hassan Bubacar Jallow is prosecutor at the Tribunal, which is located in Arusha, Tanzania.

He spoke to journalists after presenting its final report to the UN Security Council on Wednesday.

"It also comes to an end after having made a contribution in the development of jurisprudence in international criminal law, particularly in relation to genocide: defining, explaining, the elements of the crime of genocide in the areas of linkage between sexual violence and genocide, etc, and I think also in developing many good practices."

With its mandate completed, some essential functions of the tribunal and another UN court for the former Yugoslavia will be carried out by a mechanism established by the Security Council.

 Mr Jallow said it has "inherited" nine fugitives from his court, one of whom was arrested overnight in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The accused, Ladislas Ntaganzwa, is a former mayor who was indicted in connection with the killing of over 20,000 Tutsis, and for sexual assaults ordered by him, as well as incitement.

Dianne Penn, United Nations.

Duration: 1'29"

 

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