News in Brief 30 November 2015 (AM)

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UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon speaking at the opening of COP21 in Paris. UN Photo/Rick Bajorna

"History is calling" world leaders at CO21, says UN chief

"History is calling" world leaders to come up with a deal during climate change talks in Paris, according to the UN Secretary-General.

Ban Ki-moon told around 150 leaders present at the COP21 talks which began on Monday, that they had a potentially-unique political opportunity to "write the script for a new future" on limiting global warming.

"You have the moral and political responsibility for this world and for us, and for succeeding generations. History is calling. I urge you to answer with courage, and vision."

The aim is to reach a new universal agreement on limiting carbon emissions to below 2 degrees Celsius in the long term.

Ahead of COP21, more than 180 countries submitted national climate action plans to the UNFCCC the UN body organizing the conference.

Millions of children in Nepal threatened by essential supply shortages

More than three millions children under five in Nepal are at risk of dying or contracting life-threatening diseases this winter, due to severe shortages.

The warning comes for the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), which says that fuel, food, medicines and vaccines are all running low.

Unrest over the country's new constitution in the southern border region, means that vital imports have been severely restricted over the past ten weeks.

UNICEF says that children, who are still recovering from two major earthquakes earlier this year, are most at risk, with more than 200,000 families still living in temporary shelters.

Ambulance services have been hit by the fuel shortages, resulting in a drop in births at hospitals and health centres.

Antiretroviral therapy needs to expand to cover all with HIV: WHO

The availability of life-saving antiretroviral drugs for people living with HIV needs to be extended to all, said the World Health Organization (WHO) on Monday.

The call comes ahead of World AIDS Day which is marked annually on 1 December.

The expansion that has already taken place of antiretroviral therapy has led to a stark reduction of AIDS-related deaths, said WHO, combined with increasingly effective prevention efforts.

In its new report, WHO estimates that some 7.8 million lives have been saved over the last 15 years, a 42% reduction in deaths since 2004.

To accompany its new "treat all" policy, WHO is publishing new recommendations on how to expand drug availability, including greater community involvement and faster diagnosis.

Matthew Wells, United Nations.

Duration: 2’19″

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