News in Brief 27 November 2015 (AM)

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Toby Lanzer. UN Photo/Isaac Billy

 "Extreme violence" driving instability in north-east Nigeria

Extreme violence in the north-east of Nigeria is the most visible driver of instability and the need for emergency relief, according to the UN's most senior envoy on the Sahel.

However, Toby Lanzer said that abject poverty and environmental degradation are the root cause of the crisis that affects the region.

The terrorist group Boko Haram is active in the north-east of the West African country.

Mr Lanzer said hundreds of thousands of families have been impacted by the group's reign of terror.

Four million people are in need of food aid.

The UN says US$200 million is needed to carry out emergency relief activities in the north-east of Nigeria in 2016.

Five million people in Somalia in need of humanitarian assistance

Almost five million people in Somalia are in need of life-saving aid and livelihood support according to the UN humanitarian office, OCHA.

The agency said that just over one million people are internally displaced.

Spokesperson Jens Laerke said children are particularly affected by the crisis.

"More than 300,000 children under the age of 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished.  56,000 of those are so malnourished that they are at risk of dying if they do not receive urgent medical treatment and therapeutic food immediately.”

Tanzania reports 150 cholera deaths

At least 9800 cases of cholera including 150 deaths have been reported in Tanzania by the Ministry of Health.

The authorities in the East African country confirmed the cases to the World Health Organization (WHO) following laboratory tests.

The epidemic, caused by a massive inflow of Burundian refugees fleeing their country's political unrest began in May.

UN chief praises Queen Elizabeth II on climate change issues

The UN chief, Ban Ki-moon has praised Queen Elizabeth II's commitment to climate change issues and development.

Mr Ban met the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom on the margins of the Commonwealth summit on the Mediterranean island of Malta.

They agreed on the importance of the forthcoming Paris Climate Change Conference reaching a universal and ambitious agreement on climate change.

Duration: 2'16"

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