News in Brief 14 September 2015 (PM)

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Damage seen on Saturday 14 March 2015 in Port Vila, capital of Vanuatu, after Cyclone Pam moved through the Archipelago. Photo: UNICEF Pacific (file)

Four million could be affected by El Niño in Pacific

Four million people living in Pacific Ocean islands could be affected by flooding and higher sea levels, the UN has warned.

The humanitarian agency, OCHA, says the El Niño climatic event could bring severe weather.

Over the coming months, countries on the equator can expect heavy rain leading to flooding.

The El Niño phenomenon produces both severe dry and wet weather.

Some experts are now suggesting this El Niño could be as harsh as the event in 1997/98.

That was the worst on record and brought drought to countries including Papua New Guinea and Fiji.

200,000 migrants in Cameroon northern region

Cameroon's Far North region is hosting almost 200,000 migrants, according to the UN Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel.

The figure includes 80,000 internally displaced persons and over 57,000 Nigerian refugees who have fled violence in their own country.

The UN's Toby Lanzer said that there was concern that their lives are threatened by the lack of food and water, malnutrition and deadly epidemics such as cholera and measles.

Mr Lanzer has just completed a week-long visit to Yaoundé, the capital of Cameroon, and the Far North region of the country to assess the humanitarian impact of the crisis in neighbouring Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin area.

More work needed to ensure children are without HIV & syphilis in Asia-Pacific

The Asia–Pacific region has made significant progress in efforts to eliminate HIV and syphilis, but thousands of mothers and children have yet to feel the benefits; that's according to the UN.

The international community is meeting in Beijing, China, this week to discuss how to eliminate parent-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis.

New HIV infections among children have declined by nearly one-third from 2000 to 2014.

However, the UN said that infection rates are still increasing in some countries.

The agency which deals with AIDS, UNAIDS, said there were 21,000 new infections among children in the Asia-Pacific region in 2014 alone, an average of 57 a day.

Siobhán Garside, United Nations.

Duration: 2’01″

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