2013 among top ten warmest on recordListen /
The year 2013 was among the top ten warmest years since modern records began in 1850, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Global land and ocean surface temperature was 0.50°C (0.90°F) above the 1961–1990 average.
WMO says the global temperature for 2013 is consistent with the long term warming trend, and although the rate of warming is not uniform the underlying trend is undeniable.
WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud says surface temperature has the most direct connection to long-term climate change adding that some of the extreme weather conditions are closely linked with the gradual warming of the earth's surface.
"We see is that although the planet is warming, this is certainly not uniform. You have places where you see record temperatures, record heat waves and that was the case in 2013 for example in Australia where it was the warmest year ever recorded. If we want to limit the global increase in temperatures to less than 2 degrees, quick and bold action will have to be taken in terms of reducing significantly the emission of greenhouse gasses. The other action is adaptation and because even if we limit emission, there will be a certain amount of warming that we cannot avoid, and therefore countries, communities will have to adapt to that. So the two actions mitigation and adaptation have to go hand in hand. We need bold action on mitigation and at the same time we need significant action and therefore significant resources to help countries to adapt to what is already committed."
WMO says thirteen of the 14 warmest years on record have all occurred in the 21st century.
The warmest years on record are 2010 and 2005, with global temperatures about 0.55 °C above the long term average.
Patrick Maigua, United Nations, Geneva.