States accountable for investigating but also preventing violence against women: UN expertListen /
States need to be held accountable not only for investigating all acts of violence against women, but also for failing to prevent such violence, independent United Nations human rights expert Rashida Manjoo has said.
She said "There is a need to create a framework for discussing the responsibility of States to act with due diligence."
The responsibility of States is generally based on acts or omissions either committed by State actors or by actors whose actions are attributable to the State. But a State may incur responsibility where there is a failure to exercise due diligence to prevent or respond to certain acts or omissions of non-state actors.
Ms. Manjoo stressed that there was a need to create a framework for discussing the responsibility of States to act with due diligence, through separating the due diligence standard into two categories: individual due diligence which States owe to individual victims of violence, and systemic due diligence which requires States' obligations to create a functioning system to eliminate violence against women.
Donn Bobb, United Nations.