Underdevelopment drives up relief costs in South Sudan

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Valerie Amos visits a clinic in Walgak, Jonglei State, South Sudan

Underdevelopment in South Sudan is pushing up the cost of providing humanitarian aid, according to the head of United Nations humanitarian operations.

Valerie Amos, who is visiting the newly independent African country, says a lack of infrastructure makes it more difficult to respond to what she describes as multiple humanitarian crises.

Approximately 360,000 people have returned from Sudan and there are an increasing number of refugees who have fled conflict in the South Kordofan State of Sudan.

Meanwhile, Valerie Amos says South Sudan itself is plagued by inter-ethnic violence.

"We are seeing the impact of the inter-communal violence, particularly in Jonglei, the violence that we saw in December and in January which just in people has left 88,000 people displaced. So we are dealing with multiple humanitarian crises in a country where the infrastructure is not developed sufficiently, which means that our humanitarian aid operations cost far more than they do elsewhere because we are having to use air assets rather than road. In my visit to Jonglei, we had to use a helicopter for example."

Duration: 34"

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