Liberation movements have been fighting Government forces in the Portuguese dominated territories in African for a decade and more. In the words of the Angolan Leader, Agostinho Neto, they are working "to free and modernize our peoples by a dual revolution-against their traditional structure which can no longer serve them and against colonial rule". The United Nations has recognized the liberation movements as "the authentic representatives" of their peoples. The struggle in Mozambique is spearheaded by Frelimo (Frente de Liberacao de Mocambique) the Mozambique Liberation Front which claims control over more than a quarter of the country.
A young student at one of the schools set up by Frelimo. Most of the schools are outdoors. Various UN funds and programmes have been established to help meet the urgent needs of the indigenous peoples of Southern Africa in education. [Exact date unknown]