Youngsters in earnest concentration at a lower primary school in Soweto, a black township some ten miles away from Johannesburg. These are the lucky few black children who actually attend school. The large majorities either never do or stay for only a short time. Public facilities and teaching are totally inadequate and private schools too expensive for most black parents. Growing dissatisfaction with this situation has led to widespread class boycotts and demonstrations that have continued despite the bloodshed and deaths that have resulted from the Government's efforts to stop them.