The violence in Syria has claimed over 80,000 lives, mostly civilians. The United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR) has registered more than a million Syrian refugees, now living in camps in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, and beyond. Another four million people have been internally displaced since fighting began.
United Nations peacekeeping is a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the Organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict and create the conditions for lasting peace. The first UN peacekeeping mission was established in 1948, and over the years, UN peacekeeping has evolved to meet the demands of different conflicts and a changing political landscape.