After serving with the Office of Price Administration during World War II, Harding Bancroft was assigned to a position in the United States State Department Bureau of United Nations Affairs in 1945. In 1951, President Harry S. Truman appointed him as deputy United States representative to the United Nations Collective Measures Committee. He served in that capacity as Minister for three years before working as a legal counsel for the International Labour Office in Geneva. He left international diplomacy to join the New York Times where he served as executive vice president from 1963 to 1973. On leave from the Times, Mr. Bancroft returned temporarily to civil service in 1966 to join the United States delegation to the twenty-first session of the General Assembly.
Retired at the time of this interview, conducted on 17 December 1990, Mr. Bancroft discussed the political climate at the onset of the Korean War. Here, he recalled the creation of the Uniting for Peace Resolution of 1950 and the United States disposition towards the United Nations at the time.