Educator, Assistant Secretary of State, American ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), — Harlan Cleveland held many titles in his complex diplomatic career. A Rhodes Scholar, Mr. Cleveland served as Dean of the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs from 1957 to 1961. After meeting then Senator John F. Kennedy in 1957 and becoming involved with his presidential campaign thereafter, Mr. Cleveland was ultimately named Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs after Kennedy's election. In 1965, Lyndon B. Johnson named him the United States Ambassador to NATO. While at NATO, he pressed for a halt to nuclear proliferation and advocated the expansion of peace-keeping duties for the United Nations. After his tenure, Mr. Cleveland returned to academia, becoming the President of the University of Hawaii from 1969 to 1974 and was named founding dean of the University of Minnesota's Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
These interviews took place on 22 April 1990, while Mr. Cleveland served as dean at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs. Both interviews focus on two major international situations — the Congo Crisis and the Cuban Missile Crisis — and how those situations influenced the relationship between the United Nations and the United States Government.